The History Behind Habituating Virunga’s Chimpanzees
In 1987, Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) developed an 80 km network of trails inside the Tongo forest and began a two-year process of habituating chimpanzees to the presence of humans.
By 1989, approximately 50 chimpanzees had been habituated. Treks soon began, and for the next three years, provided an important source of tourism revenue for the park and the small community of Tongo.
Unfortunately, civil unrest put an end to chimpanzee tourism from 1992-2001. Despite this prolonged period of conflict, Virunga National Park rangers steadfastly protected and monitored Tongo’s chimpanzees.
The peace that returned to the Kivus was short-lived.
It wasn’t until 2010 that FZS and a team of 35 people from the local community was able to re-launch the habituation process.
By June of that year, the chimpanzees were once again habituated and visitors began trekking in to see them on a regular basis.
In April 2012, hostilities erupted yet again and chimpanzee trekking had to be halted. The M23 rebellion, as the conflict was known, eventually ended in January 2014.
The Tongo team still visits this population of chimpanzees on a daily basis. The group now consists of 32 individuals.